Tag Archives: papal encyclical

Pacem In Terris 138: Public Authority Instituted by Common Consent and Not Imposed by Force

Speaking of any world authority … 138. But this general authority equipped with world-wide power and adequate means for achieving the universal common good cannot be imposed by force. It must be set up with the consent of all nations. If … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 136-137: Connection Between the Common Good and Political Authority

Today in Pacem in Terris, authority and morality are all tied up together: 136. Now, if one considers carefully the inner significance of the common good on the one hand, and the nature and function of public authority on the … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 132-135: Inadequacy of Modern States to Ensure the Universal Common Good

First a word of hope: 132. No era will ever succeed in destroying the unity of the human family, for it consists of (people) who are all equal by virtue of their natural dignity. Hence there will always be an … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 130-131: Relationship With The World Community

Today in Pacem in Terris, we begin Part IV, treating the “relationship of people and political communities with the world community” Let’s read: 130. Recent progress in science and technology has had a profound influence on (our) way of life. This … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 126-129: Signs of the Times

Do you think there was really a sense in the early 1960’s that diplomacy offered more in the settling of disputes than weapons of war?: 126. (People) nowadays are becoming more and more convinced that any disputes which may arise between … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 121-125: The Evolution of Economically Under-developed Countries

Human unity is grounded in something more than a biological commonality. Christ makes us one, not necessarily by salvation, but by our common redemption: 121. All (people) are united by their common origin and fellowship, their redemption by Christ, and their … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 120: In Liberty

A brief section today on a nation’s freedom from oppression by other nations: 120. Furthermore, relations between States must be regulated by the principle of freedom. This means that no country has the right to take any action that would … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 117-119: A Call to Unsparing Effort

Summing up the Church’s approach, and Pope John’s personal one, to ending the arms race and promoting peace: 117. We therefore consider it Our duty as the vicar on earth of Jesus Christ—the Saviour of the world, the Author of … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 114-116: Three Motives

Unfortunately, greed and passions of powerful minorities overrule the hopes of most human beings. Pope John attempts to utilize reason: 114. Here, then, we have an objective dictated first of all by reason. There is general agreement—or at least there should … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 112-113: Need for Disarmament

Few listen, but three popes have said it: 112. Hence justice, right reason, and the recognition of (human) dignity cry out insistently for a cessation to the arms race. The stock-piles of armaments which have been built up in various countries … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 109-111: Causes of the Arms Race

The discouraging days of the Cold War are over, but Church teaching on military build-up is still with us: 109. On the other hand, We are deeply distressed to see the enormous stocks of armaments that have been, and continue … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 105-108: Refugees

Two sections today that address the situation of refugees. First, Pope John notes that refugees, while lacking residence in their homeland, indeed have rights. 105. For this reason, it is not irrelevant to draw the attention of the world to the … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 103-104: The Problem of Political Refugees

Pope John calls out political powers (one hesitates to call it leadership) who have oppressed people to the point of making migration from home a necessity: 103. The deep feelings of paternal love for all (hu)mankind which God has implanted … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 101-102: The Proper Balance Between Population, Land and Capital

Agriculture and other resources: the problem with international conflicts is that imbalances are not handled well. Planet Earth currently produces enough food to feed every living human being. Where we fail is in the distribution. 101. As everyone is well … Continue reading

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Pacem In Terris 100: Contacts Between Races

The post title doesn’t quite go far enough with this important concern. Let’s read: 100. Furthermore, the universal common good requires the encouragement in all nations of every kind of reciprocation between citizens and their intermediate societies. There are many … Continue reading

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