In the first USCCB document (1972) on liturgical music, Music in Catholic Worship, not much treatment was given to musical considerations in liturgical celebrations outside the Eucharist. The 1983 effort, Liturgical Music Today corrected that lack somewhat.
Sing to the Lord devotes a substantial portion of text (sections 200-258) to the other six sacraments, the Liturgy of the Hours, funerals, and devotions. In the case of the sacraments, each rite has its own instructions for congregational song. This blog has devoted a lot of posts to these. Check the archives here if you are looking for specifics. We also exhaustively covered the Liturgy of the Hours.
The same principles apply as they would at Mass:
1. A priority of singing the liturgy rather than singing at the liturgy.
2. A priority for dialogues, acclamations, psalmody, litanies, and hymns, in that order.
In my talk for the Loras College Liturgical Music conference, I had material asking the participants to review parish practice. I would ask my blog readers if they have the same priorities. Do infant baptisms get attention for parish music ministry? Are these liturgies sung with the importance accorded adult catechumenate rites (though granted they take place on Sundays and at the Easter Vigil) or funerals or even weddings?
We know that when the bishop comes to confirm or ordain, music is a priority. In part we can attribute the yoking of these rites to the Eucharist–not to mention the bishop’s presence. And it is more of a scarcity to find a parish not providing music for communal celebrations of penance and anointing–though again, at the latter, it is often done during Mass.
In my experience, parents and families are most grateful music is provided for the initiation of their babies. My question is: why is this sacramental event not accorded the same musical effort as other sacraments?