In paragraph 38, the bishops lay part of the blame for the erosion of the tradition of popular at the feet of mass media.
Mass media offers fantasy-filled images – but they lack a unifying meaning. They merely offer more information in a distracting manner. As the bishops write: “Far from filling the void produced in our consciousness by the lack of a unifying sense of life, the information transmitted by the media often only distracts us. Lack of information is only remedied with more information, reinforcing the anxiety of those who feel that they are in an opaque world that they do not understand.”
In the last decades mass media has invaded Latin America. In 1992, in a rural Salvadoran village without electricity or water, people hooked up a television to a battery to show an action movie.
Now with the advent of electricity in many rural communities, television and other mass media are omnipresent. Where before people would sit around and tell stories or play games, now the television rules – and not just for the football games!
Cell phones are widely available and even people from villages without electricity can connect with their cell phone.
Paragraph 39 is a rather strong critique of the invasion of mass media:
… Our cultural traditions are no longer handed on from one generation to the next with the same ease as in the past. That even affects that deepest core of each culture, constituted by religious experience, which is now likewise difficult to hand on through education and the beauty of cultural expressions. It even reaches into the family itself, which, as a place of dialogue and intergenerational solidarity, had been one of the most important vehicles for handing on the faith. The mass media have invaded every space and every conversation, making its way also into the intimacy of the home. Now standing alongside with the wisdom of traditions, in competition, is up-to-the-minute news, distraction, entertainment, the images of the successful who have been able to use for their advantage the technological tools and the expectations of social prestige and esteem. The result is that people seek over and over an experience of meaning that would fill the requirements of their vocation in places where they will never be able to find it.
The bishops believe, perhaps a little naively, that dialogue within the family, education, and the beauty of cultural expressions were ways the faith was handed down. Is it an overstatement to contend that “The mass media have invaded every space and every conversation, making its way also into the intimacy of the home”?
I believe, though, that they are right to suggest that the experience of meaning and religious experience cannot be found in the media and that “people seek over and over an experience of meaning that would fill the requirements of their vocation in places where they will never be able to find it.”