44. Following the French revolution with its objective of eradicating the Christian faith and its overt hostility to Christian worship, the nineteenth century witnessed a important liturgical revival.
Certainly, the French Revolution focused on the suppression of Christianity. I wonder if it was more for the institutional cooperation with unjust authority as with faith as such. Clearly, there still exists in many quarters a deep suspicion of liberation movements because of the historical baggage they have brought as well as inflicted on the institution.
This was preceeded by the development of a vigorous ecclesiology which saw the Church not only in terms of a hierarchical society but also as the People of God and as a worshipping community. Besides the revival of ecclesiology, mention must also be made of the flowering of biblical and patrictic studies, as well as the ecclesial and ecumenical concerns of men such as Antonio Rosmini (+1855) and John Henry Newman (+1890).
True. But I would not discount the importance of or the connection with matters of social justice in this period.
We discuss one of the giants of the Liturgical Movement:
The history of the renaissance of liturgical worship reserves a special place for Dom Prosper Guéranger (+ 1875), who restored the monastic life in France and founded the abbey of Solesmes. His conception of the Liturgy is permeated by a love for the Church and for tradition. The Roman Rite, he maintained in his writings on Liturgy, was indispensable for unity and, hence, he opposed autochthonous forms of liturgical expression. The liturgical renewal which he promoted has the distinct advantage of not having been an academic movement. Rather, it aimed at making the Liturgy an expression of worship in which the entire people of God participated.
Do you think this is the perception of liturgical reform, post-Vatican II? Much of the criticism I see is that it indeed has been an academic exercise.
The full document, the Directory on Popular Piety and the Liturgy, is online at the Vatican site.