268. It is also essential to help children and adolescents to realize that misbehavior has consequences. They need to be encouraged to put themselves in other people’s shoes and to acknowledge the hurt they have caused. Some punishments – those for aggressive, antisocial conduct – can partially serve this purpose. It is important to train children firmly to ask forgiveness and to repair the harm done to others. As the educational process bears fruit in the growth of personal freedom, children come to appreciate that it was good to grow up in a family and even to put up with the demands that every process of formation makes.
Being able to admit a mistake and ask forgiveness: my wife and I have found that being able to demonstrate that to one another and to our daughter has been the most helpful step we could take in that regard. We did not raise a perfect child, but we do still live with a young woman who can admit when she is wrong and ask for pardon.
For your reference, remember that Amoris Laetitia is online here.