Sections 28 and 29 address the notion that “The Spirit Is Present and Active in Every Time and Place.” We leap ahead from apostolic times to the modern Church, and Pope John Paul II reflects on a bit of his fifth encyclical letter:
The Spirit manifests himself in a special way in the Church and in her members. Nevertheless, his presence and activity are universal, limited neither by space nor time.(Cf. Dominum et Vivificantem 53)
The Pastoral Constitution also spoke of how the Holy Spirit is alive in the world, seemingly not limited to Christian believers:
The Second Vatican Council recalls that the Spirit is at work in the heart of every person, through the “seeds of the Word,” to be found in human initiatives-including religious ones-and in (humankind’s) efforts to attain truth, goodness and God himself.(Cf. Ad Gentes 3, 11, 15; Gaudium et Spes 10-11, 22, 26, 38, 41, 92-93)
Does the Holy Spirit work outside the Church? Or does the action of that Person somehow qualify as a manifestation of the Church, of God’s Reign, someway, somehow?
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