I wasn’t aware the dance was relatively recent–early 17th century from what I read. A favorite bit of music is the final movement from Luigi Boccherini’s Guitar Quintet (G448). I was listening on my morning walk–it really picks up your step.
Then I found this version by a youth string orchestra. In a church, no less.
From Grove’s Dictionary of Music on the dance:
Soon after its introduction, in the 17th century, it was condemned by the ecclesiastical authorities in Spain as a ‘godless dance.’ Just as the Consistory were about to prohibit it, one of the judges remarked that it was not fair to condemn anyone unheard. Two celebrated dancers were accordingly introduced to perform the fandango before the Consistory. This they did with such effect, that, according to the old chronicler, “every one joined in, and the hall of the consistorium was turned into a dancing saloon.” No more was heard of the condemnation of the fandango.